Human Trafficking Update for the Healthcare Professional

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Release date: 6/1/2024

Expiration date: 6/1/2025


It is important to be current on the issue of human trafficking to identify victims accurately and promptly. Comprehensive trauma informed care with the effective use of screening tools will enable evidence-based quality care to victims. A trusting relationship between the victim and health care provider is essential to meet the health needs of the victim.  Applying Porges Polyvagal Theory assists in establishing safety.


This independent self-study activity is designed for physicians, physician assistants, nurses, nurse practitioners, midwives and other healthcare professionals.


Upon completion of the educational activity, the learner should be able to:

  • Identify the impactors of societal and individual vulnerabilities that lead to human trafficking.
  • Distinguish differences between sex and labor trafficking.
  • Apply Polyvagal theory of safety to a clinical encounter.
  • Perform screening tools and comprehensive examinations, make referrals and provide resources to victims.
  • Describe hidden and invisible “at risk” exploited victims.
  • Identify areas in need of research and development in the field of human trafficking.


To obtain a certificate of completion, a score of 80% or better on the post-test is required. Please proceed with the activity until you have successfully completed this program, answered all test questions, completed the post-test and evaluation, and have received a digital copy of your certificate. You must participate in the entire activity to receive credit. If you have questions about this activity, please contact AKH Inc. at [email protected].

CE Credit provided by AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare. 

Ideal Pah Patient Care: New Treatments And Technology Can Improve Patient Outcomes

In support of improving patient care, AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

Hiv/aids 1 Hour Update For Florida Health Professionals

This activity was planned by and for the healthcare team, and learners will receive 2.0 Interprofessional Continuing Education (IPCE) credit for learning and change.


AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare designates this enduring material for a maximum of 2.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians

AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare designates this continuing education activity for 2.0 contact hours.


Credit being awarded: 2.0 ANCC contact hours

California Nurses

AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare is a provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP17011, for 2.0 contact hours.

Physician Associate

Preventing Medical Errors

AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare has been authorized by the American Academy of Physician Associates (AAPA) to award AAPA Category 1 CME credit for activities planned in accordance with AAPA CME Criteria. This activity is designated for 2.0 AAPA Category 1 CME credits. Approval is valid until 6/1/2027. PAs should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation.

Nurse Practitioner

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AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare is accredited by the American Association of Nurse Practitioners as an approved provider of nurse practitioner continuing education. Provider number: 030803. This activity is approved for 2.0 contact hour(s) (which includes 0 hour(s) of pharmacology).


National Accreditations

AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare is an ADA CERP Recognized Provider. ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of continuing dental education. ADA CERP does not approve or endorse individual courses or instructors, nor does it imply acceptance of credit hours by boards of dentistry. Concerns or complaints about a CE provider may be directed to the provider or to the Commission for Continuing Education Provider Recognition at

AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare designates this activity for 2.0 continuing education credits.

Concerns or complaints about a CE provider may be directed to the provider, or to the Commission for Continuing Education Provider Recognition at


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Continuing Education (CE) credits for psychologists are provided through the co-sponsorship of the American Psychological Association (APA) Office of Continuing Education in Psychology (CEP). The APA CEP Office maintains responsibility for the content of the programs.

Social Workers

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As a Jointly Accredited Organization, AKH Inc., Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare is approved to offer social work continuing education by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) Approved Continuing Education (ACE) program. Organizations, not individual courses, are approved under this program. State and provincial regulatory boards have the final authority to determine whether an individual course may be accepted for continuing education credit. AKH Inc. Advancing Knowledge in Healthcare maintains responsibility for this course. Social workers completing this course receive 2.0 general continuing education credits.


Approved by the following Florida Boards for 2 hours:
CE Broker Tracking # 50-2560
CE Broker Course # 20-712133

  • Florida Board of Dentistry
  • Florida Board of Medicine
  • Florida Board of Nursing
  • Florida Board of Occupational Therapy
  • Florida Board of Osteopathic Medicine
  • Florida Board of Respiratory Care
  • Florida Physician Assistants


Mary Kathleen Ebener PhD, RN

Dr. Ebener teaches courses in nursing, healthcare and statistical analysis. She is currently employed at, Florida State College at Jacksonville in Jacksonville, Florida as Dean of Nursing. She holds a BSN from Illinois Wesleyan University; her MSN is from Andrews University, MI; and her PhD. is from the University of Florida, Gainesville.

Originally authored by: Janet Kenny, RN, MA


Dorothy Caputo, MA, BSN, RN, Senior Director of Continuing Education & Compliance
Michele Bielarski, RN
Dorothy Duffy, RPh
Risha Bellomo PA-C
Bernadette Makar, MSN, APRN-BC, NP-C
Donna Purcell, Psy.D
Broc Pollinger, MSW, LSW, OSW-C
Deborah Cooper, RD, LDN
AKH staff


None of the planners or faculty for this educational activity have relevant financial relationship(s) to disclose with ineligible companies whose primary business is producing, marketing, selling, re-selling, or distributing healthcare products used by or on patients. All of the relevant financial relationships listed for these individuals have been mitigated.

It is the policy of AKH Inc. to ensure independence, balance, objectivity, scientific rigor, and integrity in all of its continuing education activities. The author must disclose to the participants any significant relationships with ineligible companies whose products or devices may be mentioned in the activity or with the commercial supporter of this continuing education activity. Identified conflicts of interest are mitigated by AKH prior to accreditation of the activity. AKH planners and reviewers have no relevant financial relationships to disclose.


There is no commercial support for this activity.


This educational activity does not include discussion of uses of agents that are investigational and/or unapproved by the FDA. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.


AKH Inc.’s courses are designed solely to provide healthcare professionals with information to assist in their practice and professional development. The courses are researched thoroughly, utilizing current literature and including practical experiences. AKH’s courses are not to be considered a diagnostic tool to replace professional advice or treatment. The courses serve as a general guide to the healthcare professional, and therefore, they cannot be considered as giving legal, nursing, medical, or other professional advice in specific cases. AKH educational courses do not endorse commercial products. The author(s) and the publisher specifically disclaim responsibility for any adverse consequences resulting directly or indirectly from information in the courses. AKH further disclaims any responsibility for undetected errors, or from the reader’s misunderstanding of the course.